Category Archives: Chairs

The Coolest of Uhl: How To Buy A Toledo Stool

IMG_5136IMG_3216IMG_5586Dorset Finds is frequently asked what to look for when buying a Uhl Toledo stool or chair. Generally speaking, these items were built to last; however, below are some invaluable guidelines that will ensure the piece purchased meets  your needs and continues to perform for many years to come.

1. Establish the height you need. Much of Toledo’s seating is height-adjustable. That said, Draftsman stools are generally too tall for standard-height dining tables and desks, so you may require a chair instead.

IMG_70012. Assess the condition of the plywood seat and backrest. Being the most fragile components of the piece, the wood sections are prone to chipping and delamination. Minor separations can be easily fixed with wood glue.

IMG_7000 red3. Assess the wishbone lever arm. Look for any separations or breaks in the steel loops that cover the ends of the lever. These loops are susceptible to metal fatigue, especially if the original spring has been lost (major red flag) or replaced by a non-original part. The lever arm’s anchors are a crucial stress area in the chair’s design. A key sign that the integrity of this piece has been breached is wobbling in the seat post. If a break is detected, the example is best avoided.

IMG_2232IMG_52154. Look for non-original parts. As time passes, utilitarian furniture within an industrial setting is expected to be mistreated and continue to work. If damage was sustained, in some cases readily available parts were retrofitted purely out of a need for the chair to remain functional. Older models should feature a wing nut and brass spherical nut cap at the rear of the backrest. In later versions this was replaced with a black, round, hardened-plastic turning knob. Ensure that both the backrest and seat have contours. If either of these parts are flat, they’re replacements.

Aside from these structurally driven suggestions, the aesthetics are really a subjective element. Whether one likes rust and chipped paint, wood that’s faded or a glossy varnish, these tips will arm one with the necessary tools to go forth and buy well.

See Worthy: Good Form Navy Chairs, ca. 1939

Dorset Finds is reticent to throw around the phrase “design classic.” Sure, some pieces are built to last and serve a purpose, and others are aesthetically appealing, but it’s the combination of these factors that propels an item toward greatness and, therefore, icon status.

In 1930, the General Fireproofing Co. launched its foray into aluminum chair production and rolled out the Good Form seating line in 1932. They had just built a new factory with state-of-the-art machinery and conveyor systems designed specifically for this new direction. Prior to the move, the company had focused exclusively on steel furniture, so the $1 million investment in diversifying into aluminum before a single product had left the factory was a substantial one.

Initially, timing proved to be their enemy. Aluminum chairs were more expensive than wooden ones, and with the advancement of the Depression, the cost-conscious were dubious of the new line’s merits. Being the first company to nationally market an aluminum chair, General Fireproofing had their work cut out for them. The Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA), which held patents and designs for several institutional chairs, sold all rights to GF in 1934, giving them an even greater slice of the market.

Upon the request of the U.S. Navy in 1936, a new range of aluminum chairs was created to be stationed aboard all naval vessels. Durability was of great importance: should a destroyer be hit by a torpedo, the chairs were required to withstand the blast! Also, it was imperative that the materials not gradually degenerate through exposure to moisture — as was the case with steel or wood — and the chair’s structural integrity must remain preserved. In all, there are only 12 welds on a Navy chair, and these are filed down to give the appearance of seamless joins.

This is an exciting pair, as they come from a very early production run. There is minimal age to the surface of the aluminum, and what patina is evident only serves to share some of the chairs’ history.

I Am the Resurrection: Toledo Draftsman Stool, ca. 1930s

There’s a certain deliberation process that unfolds before undertaking a laborious project that has the potential for minimal payoff. The resurrection of an object due to the mismanagement of others is a commitment financially, physically and, more specifically, psychologically.

This Uhl Toledo Draftsman stool is a rarity, and not just for the clown makeup it was dressed in when acquired. While drafting stools with standard seats can be found without too much sweat, an example with a round seat and backrest is far more scarce.

When confronted with such a butchered piece of iconic 2oth century design — masquerading as some sort of oversize children’s candy — the biggest question that goes through one’s mind  is whether it’s worth the effort in unwrapping its outer layer. Once the restoration commences, there’s no turning back.

After all, is it the clown that we dislike or is it the clown’s brightly colored exterior? Next time you see one, throw some paint stripper on him and perhaps you will be given a pleasant surprise, as I was with this stool.

Rite of Way: Pair of Sit-Rite Chairs, ca. 1940s

The scarcity and masterful design of the Sit-Rite chair, manufactured by the Edward L. Koenig Co. of Chicago, have been long respected by Dorset Finds. This pair, found in exceptional original condition, may let the images speak for themselves.

A-Positive: A-Frame Toledo Stool, ca. 1930s

Regular visitors to this blog are well aware of the tributes Uhl Toledo products garner here.

Possessing the strength and durability of an American-made tool of the mid-20th century and enjoying a classic design status on par with the Eames lounge chair, the Toledo stool is a timeless piece of furniture crafted from steel and bent plywood.

Through our travels, Dorset Finds has unearthed dozens of Uhl product variations: round, all-steel versions, short, medium, tall, fixed-height, double-width backrests, wooden casters, plastic casters, standard and extra-large footrest rings… When it came to ordering your stool from the manufacturer, the number of options appears to have been almost endless.

Though research provides images of the near-mythical “A-frame” Toledo stool, we had not seen one in the flesh until recently. Similar in silhouette to the traditional model, the A-frame’s vertical steel supports lean in toward the top creating a pyramid. A wider center of gravity and larger, 18.5-inch footrest ring (rather than the standard 16-inch) give this piece a stockier stance while retaining all the elegance of its sister models.

Heart of the Lyon: Industrial Lyon Stool, ca. 1940s

We bang on a bit about industrial seating options on this blog. Uhl Toledo stools are a fave, but they’re difficult to find, as they’re no longer in production. Ajusto and Bevco, too, make durable versions that are readily available today, while Hamilton produced very few numbers, so they’re rare as hen’s teeth. More often than not, when factories closed down, these items were scrapped rather than being redistributed to be implemented elsewhere. The perception was that, despite its functionality, a stool was just a stool.

Add to this lot Lyon Metal Products Inc.,  which began production of its industrial-grade storage, seating and lockers in 1901 and remains a mainstay in today’s factory setting.

Beverly Lyon Waters founded what was originally known as the Lyon Metallic Manufacturing Company and was quickly joined by his younger brother, Frank. By 1906 they had secured a large factory and office headquarters in Aurora, Illinois, which enabled them to mass-produce all manner of products fabricated from sheet steel. After merging with the Durand Steel Locker Company of Chicago in 1928, they changed the name to Lyon Metal Products Inc.

Taking the lead in the early stages of WWII, they created a brochure, “How One Company Tackles the War Production Problem,” in which they detailed methods of diverting production toward wartime goods. The War Production Board distributed the pamphlet to hundreds of small manufacturers, thereby securing Lyon a strong market position during this period.

This particular model is understated. The army green, steel frame is welded to become one sturdy piece that sits at a fixed height. No ornate lift mechanisms here! The pressed-steel backrest is also fixed, and rather than an ergonomic wood seat it has a perforated particle-board plate. Despite this, the footrests are conveniently situated for lengthy periods of sitting. Parking your caboose here throughout a full, 8.5-hour shift, however, is another story.

Rite Here, Rite Now: Sit-Rite Adjustable Drafting Stool, ca. 1940s

Much fuss has been made on this blog extolling the virtues of the industrial stool. Their hardened steel frames fared well in unforgiving factory conditions. Not so common, however, were their wooden counterparts.

The über-rare Sit-Rite stool was manufactured in solid birch wood by the Edward L. Koenig Co. in Chicago during the steel-rationed WWII era. It’s credited as being the first American-made ergonomic stool. The seat height is shifted by loosening two, 10-inch bolts that run through the base’s platform, while the backrest can be shifted several inches forward, backward, up and down.

This example retains its original finish with the added beauty of many layers of muck, which have, over time, darkened the wood and given it a patina to die for. You can almost smell the worker who once sat on her…

Pairing Off: Set of Toledo Draftsman Stools, ca. 1940s

If you’re a regular reader of this blog, the stools above will not be unfamiliar. Dorset Finds has shone the spotlight on the highly coveted Draftsman stool, manufactured by the Toledo Metal Furniture Co. — or Toledo stool — many times, and we’re always pleased to bring you an unusual or rare configuration of this classic.

Ergonomics and the Machine Age are not often thought of in the same context, but this is one area where the Toledo stool shines. The curved steel arm brace holds the bent plywood back, providing support to the lower back without being too rigid. With a turn of the round knob that holds the backrest in place, the user can click the mechanism up or down for the desired position. In addition, this particular model has a 21″ in diameter footrest ring rather than the usual 16″, thereby providing greater foot and leg support. Already a powerhouse of versatility and function, this piece boasts enhanced mobility via the smooth rolling casters, which — like modern office chairs — allow one to move short distances without even having to get up.

Please though, no office hockey

Moderne Life Is Rubbish: Pair Of Deco Mid-Century Chairs, ca. 1940s

Brown leather. You’re an addiction that I do not wish to recover from…

Not surprisingly, I was immediately drawn to this set of (unattributed) chairs, not only because of the quality and richness of the leather, but because of the low, Deco Moderne style of the aluminum frame.

There’s always an outside chance that a piece looking this good is actually comfortable and by golly, these chairs really do the trick. Perfect for an afternoon nap…

Salute the General: Goodform Chair, ca. 1930s

At Dorset Finds, we’re on a permanent search for comfortable office seating solutions to park your caboose. Herman Miller may not be in your budget but there are plenty of other mid-century options that offer great design and comfort without the price tag. The General Fireproofing Company of Youngstown, OH, manufactured timeless classics that are available today at any budget.

Founded in 1902, The General Fireproofing Company manufactured office chairs and desks and became the largest producer of commercial office furniture in the world. The Goodform line of seating was introduced in 1930 and featured a jet-stream aluminum design; a style that works in a contemporary setting as much today as it did then.

One of the great things about aluminum furniture from this era is that it can be buffed out to show its original sheen. This example has black perforated upholstery in very good condition and the seat and back adjustments are working well.

This item is currently for sale at Modern Anthology, Brooklyn.

The Life Pursuit: Eames Time Life Executive Chair, ca. 1980s

I’m not sold on the notion of form before function. Sure, it needs to look impeccably cool, but if you can’t use it either because of its fragility – or the very thing that draws you to it in the first place – its beauty, I don’t know really want to know about it.

Case in point; the Eames Time Life or Executive chair, manufactured by Herman Miller. You’ve seen it caressing the cabooses of Don Draper and Michael Parkinson for years and you’ve seen it in high-end 20th Century design stores but it’s only when you sit in one that all the fuss makes sense.

This example is upholstered in subtle, less conspicuous light brown leather rather than classic yet severe, black. The aluminum, particularly around the 4-star base is excellent and the original casters and smooth tilt mechanism make for guaranteed comfort while sneaking a late afternoon cat nap.

Back Draft: Toledo Draftsman Stool, ca. 1930s

We all work hard and play hard. Getting to sit on something you like is important; as is having a chair that conforms to your body ergonomically.

The Toledo Furniture Manufacturing Co. of Toledo, OH were early adopters when it came to creating a chair one could comfortably use throughout the day. Both the molded wood seat and back adjust to allow for greater versatility and support. The heavy duty steel is virtually indestructible and only gets better with age.

Being a contented little minion may not get you any closer to getting that pay raise you deserve (naturally) but at least you wont whine about your poor old creaky bones!

Feeling Wired: Soda Fountain Chairs, ca. 1900

Originally priced at 30 cents per set, wire chairs were a mainstay of any self-respecting Soda Fountain shop. There was no better place to perch oneself to enjoy an egg cream (chocolate syrup, milk and soda water).

These chairs were manufactured at the start of the 20th century by The Chicago Wire Chair Co. and both examples have their original wooden seat and elaborate, bent wire frames. Though delicate in appearance, the steel provides more than enough stability…no matter how many desserts you may chose to indulge.

Subway Series: Early NYC Cast Iron Subway Stool, ca 1910s

They don’t call it the “F train” for nothing. Between MTA service cuts, increased fares and staff restructuring, there’s never been a greater collective desire to take a load off.

The word is that these types of conductor stools were present in driver booths to allow for some sedentary time but later removed when it was felt that drivers were becoming a little too relaxed when at the train’s helm.

What’s clear is that this cast iron stool is darn heavy and with its original hardware, can be affixed to any right angle. Pictured here, the stool is attached to an old factory work bench for added flat surface area.

Sit On It: Eames Herman Miller Aluminum Lounge Chair, ca. 1958

The ubiquity of Charles and Ray Eames’ various chair designs is undeniable. Knocked off, licensed out, edited down and reimagined more times than any other furniture, there’s still nothing quite like the real deal.

Here is a very comfy, brown/orange upholstered Aluminum Lounge chair manufactured by Herman Miller in 1980. The fabric is clean, the aluminum arms and base possess all their sheen and the glides are intact.

Sit On It: Plycraft “Mr. Chair” Jr., ca. 1963

A rising star in the mid-century furniture race is the “Mr. Chair” from Plycraft, designed by George Mulhauser.

This chair is most commonly found as a lounge chair and generally paired with an ottoman. The standard upholstery is a black Naugahyde (faux leather), which in many cases tends to crack and split with age. Unlike productions from Charles and Ray Eames, Marcel Breuer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, etc., who all designed with high-quality leather, this series from Plycraft was produced with greater prudence.

It’s the superb design and adept use of molded plywood that make this chair the classic you see today. These chairs walk the line, possessing both flowing, organic forms while retaining a masculine aesthetic.

This example of the Mr. Chair is all the more special because not only is it the “Jr.” version that acts more as an executive-style chair, rather than a lounge chair, but it’s covered in flawless black wool upholstery and retains its original casters.

Prices are increasing steadily for these chairs which can range from $200 to $1,200 depending on condition.